According to the 2016 Global Peace Index these countries are ranked based on three indicators: the level of safety, security and the extent of domestic and international conflict and the degree of militarisation.
Have you been longing for a peaceful country where you can spend a holiday with your friends or families without hearing the sound of a bomb in the middle of the night or protesters disturbing your peace during the day?
The answers are not in the moon or sun. They are right before you.
Here are the 10 most peaceful countries in Africa.
According to the 2016 Global Peace Index, these countries are ranked based on three indicators: the level of safety, security and the extent of domestic and international conflict and the degree of militarization.
Here’s the first country. This volcanic island nation has positioned itself as a trusted platform in terms of estate planning and wealth management. The country parades multi-ethnic and multicultural people. Won’t you like to experience the rich African culture at its peak? Then a visit to this country is non-negotiable. According to the 2016 Global Peace Index, the country is the 23rd most peaceful country free from either internal or external conflict.
Though relatively a small country, I bet this is another peaceful terrain you can’t afford to miss. In 2013, Positive Peace Index ranked Botswana the best governed country in Africa. The constitution of this mid-sized nation protects its citizens and represents their rights. Recently, the 2016 Global Peace Index ranked Botswana as the second most peaceful countries in Africa. It ranked 28th in the world. Impressive, right?
This large island nation is a semi-presidential representative democratic republic. You’ll find medical centers, hospitals and dispensaries all over the country. Education in Madagascar is free and compulsory from the ages 6 to 13. As a result of increased educational access, enrollment rates have more than doubled between 1996 and 2006. Madagascar is sitting on 38th position in the world’s most peaceful countries ranking.
Zambia is a land-locked country in southern Africa. Agriculture and mining play important roles in it’s economy. The country was ranked alongside Mauritius, Ghana and four other African countries in the 2015 Global peace Index.
In 2016, Zambia ranked 40th on the log. It is one of the most highly urbanized nations in sub-Saharan Africa. Though a Christian country, it has a wide variety of religious traditions, which are all well-respected.
5. Sierra Leone
After a decade-long civil war, the tide has changed and Sierra Leone has hit the ground running. Rich in diamond and other minerals, development and peace have been present in this West African nation since 2002.
Sierra Leone is regarded as one of the most religiously tolerant countries in the world. It’s the 42nd most peaceful country in the world
Ghana is now among the continent’s top peaceful countries. The country has a unitary presidential constitutional democracy. The Global peace Index of 2015 placed Ghana behind other most peaceful nations in Africa. In 2016, the country is 44th in the table. Ghana has also seen two peaceful transition of power between political parties.
Welcome to the ‘warm heart of Africa.’ Located in southeast Africa, the landlocked country is placed behind Ghana in the list of most peaceful countries. Ranked 45 in the world, Malawi is a democratic country currently under the leadership of Peter Mutharika.
When you hear of the term "Unity in Diversity," think of Namibia. In this country, peace and stability reign supreme. The southwest African nation has effectively confronted and overcome the challenges caused by widespread conflict and instability. Namibia is ranked 55 in the world.
Here’s the 9th Peaceful country wedged between Kenya and Mozambique. It is home to Africa’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro. It is the only East African country topping the log. It is ranked 58 in the world after Namibia. So if you are considering visiting a country free from conflicts in East Africa region, Tanzania is the best option for you.
10. Equatorial Guinea
Here’s the last country, the 10th most peaceful country based on the 2016 Global Peace Index. It’s a small country nestled on the west coast of Africa. It’s major mineral resource is crude oil. It’s ranked 62nd most peaceful country in the world.
The Most Peaceful Countries in Africa in 2016
Rank Name World Rank 1 Mauritius 23 2 Botswana 28 3 Madagascar 38 4 Zambia 40 5 Sierra Leone 42 6 Ghana 44 7 Malawi 45 8 Namibia 55 9 Tanzania 58 10 Equatorial Guinea 62
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The finalized ranking relies on over 50 factors to determine a given nation's Power Index ("PwrIndx") score. This allows smaller, though more technologically-advanced, nations to compete with larger, lesser-developed ones. Modifiers in the form of bonuses and penalties are added to refine the list. Some things to observe in regards to the finalized ranking:
• Ranking does not simply rely on the total number of weapons available to any one country but rather focuses onweapon diversity within the number totals to provide a better balance of firepower available (i.e. fielding 100 minesweepers does not equal the strategic and tactical value of fielding 10 aircraft carriers).
• Nuclear stockpiles are NOT taken into account but recognized / suspected nuclear powers receive a bonus.
• Geographical factors, logistical flexibility, natural resources and local industry influence the final ranking.
• Available manpower is a key consideration; nations with large populations tend to rank higher.
• Land-locked nations are NOT penalized for lack of a navy; naval powers ARE penalized for lack of diversity in available assets.
• NATO allies receive a slight bonus due to the theoretical sharing of resources.
• Current political / military leadership is NOT taken into account.
As of 4/1/2016 there are a total of (126) countries included in the GFP database.0.0897 - United States of America (North America; NATO)0.0964 - Russia (Asia)0.0988 - China (Asia)0.1661 - India (Asia)0.1993 - France (Europe; NATO; Eunion)0.2164 - United Kingdom (Europe; NATO; Eunion)0.2466 - Japan (Asia)0.2623 - Turkey (Asia; Middle East; NATO)0.2646 - Germany (Europe; NATO; Eunion)0.2724 - Italy (Europe; NATO; Eunion)0.2824 - South Korea (Asia)0.3056 - Egypt (Africa; Middle East)0.3246 - Pakistan (Asia)0.3354 - Indonesia (Asia; Southeast)0.3359 - Brazil (South America; Latin)0.3591 - Israel (Middle East)0.3684 - Vietnam (Asia; Southeast)0.3909 - Poland (Europe; NATO; Eunion)0.3958 - Taiwan (Asia)0.4068 - Thailand (Asia; Southeast)0.4071 - Iran (Middle East)0.4192 - Canada (North America; NATO)0.4209 - Australia (Asia)0.4335 - Saudi Arabia (Middle East)0.4442 - North Korea (Asia)0.4514 - Algeria (Africa)0.4913 - Spain (Europe; NATO; Eunion)0.5147 - Greece (Europe; NATO; Eunion)0.5774 - Sweden (Scandanavia; Eunion)0.5867 - Ukraine (Europe)0.6286 - Mexico (North America; Latin)0.6378 - Czech Republic (Europe; NATO; Eunion)0.6584 - Myanmar (Asia; Southeast)0.6679 - Malaysia (Asia; Southeast)0.7073 - Argentina (South America; Latin)0.7078 - Syria (Middle East)0.7112 - Switzerland (Europe)0.7147 - Norway (Scandanavia; NATO)0.7182 - Netherlands (Europe; NATO; Eunion)0.7501 - Peru (South America)0.7502 - Colombia (South America; Latin)0.7619 - Ethiopia (Africa)(46th)0.7744 - Romania (Europe; NATO; Eunion)0.7856 - Nigeria (Africa)0.7882 - Venezuela (South America; Latin)0.8252 - South Africa (Africa)0.8283 - Chile (South America; Latin)0.8384 - Uzbekistan (Asia)0.8449 - Belarus (Europe)0.8453 - Denmark (Scandanavia; Europe; NATO; Eunion)0.8661 - Philippines (Asia; Southeast)0.8683 - Bangladesh (Asia)0.8722 - Kazakhstan (Asia)0.8878 - Angola (Africa)0.8952 - Finland (Scandanavia; Eunion)0.9011 - Morocco (Africa)0.9135 - Austria (Europe; Eunion)0.9301 - United Arab Emirates (Middle East)0.9342 - Iraq (Middle East)0.9349 - Azerbaijan (Asia)0.9678 - Yemen (Middle East)1.0007 - Hungary (Europe; NATO; Eunion)1.0199 - Portugal (Europe; NATO; Eunion)1.0241 - Singapore (Asia; Southeast)1.0391 - Belgium (Europe; NATO; Eunion)1.0611 - Afghanistan (Asia)1.0657 - Bulgaria (Europe; NATO; Eunion)1.0733 - Croatia (Europe; NATO; Eunion)1.1582 - Ecuador (South America)1.2354 - Jordan (Middle East)1.2356 - Sudan (Africa)1.3169 - Libya (Africa)1.3384 - Democratic Republic of the Congo (Africa)1.3687 - Slovakia (Europe; NATO; Eunion)1.3731 - Kenya (Africa)1.4089 - Tunisia (Africa)1.4219 - Oman (Middle East)1.4601 - Kuwait (Middle East)1.4637 - Cuba (Central America)1.5148 - Georgia (Asia)1.5483 - Bolivia (South America)1.5508 - Zimbabwe (Africa)1.5868 - Serbia (Europe)1.6268 - Sri Lanka (Asia)1.6539 - Zambia (Africa)1.6722 - Turkmenistan (Asia)1.7981 - Mongolia (Asia)1.8224 - Cambodia (Asia; Southeast)1.8307 - Chad (Africa)1.8564 - Albania (Europe; NATO)1.8778 - Bahrain (Middle East)1.8793 - Uganda (Africa)1.8956 - Qatar (Middle East)1.9113 - Armenia (Asia)1.9243 - Lebanon (Middle East)1.9561 - Tanzania (Africa)1.9598 - Lithuania (Europe; NATO; Eunion)1.9741 - Nepal (Asia)1.9801 - South Sudan (Africa)2.0476 - Ghana (Africa)2.0791 - New Zealand (Asia)2.1576 - Guatemala (South America)2.1777 - Latvia (Europe; NATO; Eunion)2.2177 - Paraguay (South America; Latin)2.2291 - Uruguay (South America; Latin)2.2407 - Cameroon (Africa)2.2971 - Honduras (Central America)2.3061 - Mozambique (Africa)2.3138 - Estonia (Europe; NATO; Eunion)2.3158 - Kyrgyzstan (Asia)2.3958 - Slovenia (Europe; NATO; Eunion)2.4322 - Tajikistan (Asia)2.4372 - Nicaragua (Central America)2.4719 - Niger (Africa)2.4901 - Ivory Coast (Africa)2.6638 - Mali (Africa)2.7535 - Madagascar (Africa)2.8204 - Gabon (Africa)2.8447 - Republic of the Congo (Africa)2.8574 - Bosnia and Herzegovina (Europe)2.8947 - Laos (Asia; Southeast)3.0997 - El Salvador (Central America)3.2877 - Panama (Central America)3.3534 - Namibia (Africa)3.4241 - Somalia (Africa)3.7343 - Central African Republic (Africa)
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vaccine used over 100 years ago for tuberculosis (bacillus Calmette-Guerin ) has shown promise in reversing this disease. This vaccine is now commonly used for treating bladder cancer and is considered to be safe.
An announcement made yesterday at the 75th Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association said that the FDA will test the vaccine on 150 people who are in an advanced stage of type one diabetes.
The body of a man with sort 1 diabetes does not deliver insulin because of thesafeframeworkwrecking thecells that make insulin .Immune systemmicroorganisms are delivered ,and these cellsmake issues in thepancreatic islet’s, where insulin is created . The antibody worksby wiping outthese White bloodcells . Patientswith diabetes infused with the immunization sawan expansionofthe levels of a substance called tumorputrefaction component . Theexpandedlevel of TNF in theframework devastates the Immunesystemmicroorganisms that are preventingthe creation of insulin. In a past trial ,patients were infused with thetuberculosis immunizationtwice inside a four-weektimes the span . The outcomes demonstrated thatthe hazardous Whitebloodcells were gone , and a few people even started to emit insulin all alone ..
Dr. Denise Faustman, director of the Massachusetts General Hospital Immunobiology Laboratory in Boston, is very excited about the results the BCG vaccine has been showing.
“In the phase I (preliminary) trial we demonstrated a statistically significant response to BCG, but our goal in (this trial) is to create a lasting therapeutic response. We will be working again with people who have had type 1 diabetes for many years. This is not a prevention trial; instead, we are trying to create a regimen that will treat even advanced disease.”
This new five-year trial will begin this late spring . The individuals that areselected will extend for over agesfrom 18 to 60-years of age . The trial willutilize the same configuration as wasutilizedbefore by infusingpatients twiceinside a four-week times frame . Patients will then haveone infusiona year for thefollowing fouryears .
Not all diabetes experts are confident that this treatment will work. Robert Sobel, an assistant professor of endocrinology at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine, explains why he is skeptical.
“I think it’s a stretch to say this would have a huge impact on the millions plus type I diabetes patients in this country. We would love to do something to preserve or repopulate their beta cell mass. Historically, we have watched it dwindle and have not been able to do something (in time).”
Time will tell if this vaccine will become a viable treatment option for type 1 diabetes or not.
by Admin / 2,079 Views
Oromo and Amhara demonstrators are calling for more rights [Tiksa Negeri/Reuters]
A prison in Ethiopia where high-profile politicians are held has caught fire and gunshots were later heard there, according to media and opposition activists in a country gripped by a wave of protests.
The jail, Qilinti, is on the outskirts of the capital Addis Ababa and is used to imprison leaders of the Oromo ethnic group, among others. Members of the Oromo community have been leading demonstrations against the government since November, demanding more political and economic freedoms.
Fortune, a privately-owned newspaper, reported that there had been 20 casualties, but did not specify whether it meant dead or wounded. It carried a photograph of a huge plume of smoke billowing over a row of buildings, and said the fire had been brought under control by Saturday evening.
Ethiopia protests: Fast facts
- Protests in Oromia started in November last year when the government announced a plan to expand the capital - a city-state - into the surrounding Oromia region.
- Many Oromos saw that as a plan to remove them from fertile land. The scheme has since been dropped, but the unrest spread as demonstrators called for the release of prisoners and for wider freedoms.
- In the Amhara region, demonstrations began over the status of a district - Wolkait - that was once part of Amhara but was incorporated into the neighbouring Tigrayan region more than 20 years ago. Those demonstrations have also since widened.
- The ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front is a multi-ethnic coalition made up of four parties. The opposition and political analysts, though, say it is dominated by the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front.
The paper said that three firefighters had been taken to hospital with breathing difficulties.
A pro-government radio station reported that one person had been killed, and six injured. Opposition activists put the number of dead at between 20 and more than 30, citing family members of inmates.
Al Jazeera could not independently verify the reports.
Fortune, citing sources, reported that the fire had been deliberately started as part of an escape attempt and said that police had now taken control of the facility from prison officers.
According to the New York-based Human Rights Watch group at least 500 people have been killed by security forces since the protests began in November. Though demonstrations started among the Oromo, Ethiopia's biggest ethnic group, they later spread to the Amhara, the second most populous group.
Both groups say that a ruling coalition is dominated by the Tigray ethnic group, which makes up about six percent of the population.
The government has denied that violence from the security forces is systemic, though a spokesman told Al Jazeera that police officers "sometimes take the law into their own hands", pledging an independent investigation.
Authorities have blamed opposition groups inside and outside of the country and what they have called "anti-peace" elements for the chaos.
The governing Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front last month rejected a United Nations request that it send in observers, saying it alone was responsible for the security of its citizens.
The government, a close ally of many Western nations, is accused by rights groups of regularly cracking down on the opposition and jailing journalists. At elections last year, it won every seat in the 547-seat parliament.
by Admin / 359 Views
Here are ten things Gaddafi did for Libya that you may not know about…
1. In Libya a home is considered a natural human right
In Gaddafi’s Green Book it states: ”The house is a basic need of both the individual and the family, therefore it should not be owned by others”. Gaddafi’s Green Book is the formal leader’s political philosophy, it was first published in 1975 and was intended reading for all Libyans even being included in the national curriculum.
2. Education and medical treatment were all free
Under Gaddafi, Libya could boast one of the best healthcare services in the Middle East and Africa. Also if a Libyan citizen could not access the desired educational course or correct medical treatment in Libya they were funded to go abroad.
3. Gaddafi carried out the world’s largest irrigation project
The largest irrigation system in the world also known as the great manmade river was designed to make water readily available to all Libyan’s across the entire country. It was funded by the Gaddafi government and it said that Gaddafi himself called it ”the eighth wonder of the world”.
4. It was free to start a farming business
If any Libyan wanted to start a farm they were given a house, farm land and live stock and seeds all free of charge.
5. A bursary was given to mothers with newborn babies
When a Libyan woman gave birth she was given 5000 (US dollars) for herself and the child.
6. Electricity was free
Electricity was free in Libya meaning absolutely no electric bills!
7. Cheap petrol
During Gaddafi’s reign the price of petrol in Libya was as low as 0.14 (US dollars) per litre.
8. Gaddafi raised the level of education
Before Gaddafi only 25% of Libyans were literate. This figure was brought up to 87% with 25% earning university degrees.
9. Libya had It’s own state bank
Libya had its own State bank, which provided loans to citizens at zero percent interest by law and they had no external debt.
10. The gold dinar
Before the fall of Tripoli and his untimely demise, Gaddafi was trying to introduce a single African currency linked to gold. Following in the foot steps of the late great pioneer Marcus Garvey who first coined the term ”United States of Africa”. Gaddafi wanted to introduce and only trade in the African gold Dinar – a move which would have thrown the world economy into chaos.
The Dinar was widely opposed by the ‘elite’ of today’s society and who could blame them. African nations would have finally had the power to bring itself out of debt and poverty and only trade in this precious commodity. They would have been able to finally say ‘no’ to external exploitation and charge whatever they felt suitable for precious resources. It has been said that the gold Dinar was the real reason for the NATO led rebellion, in a bid to oust the outspoken leader.
So, was Muammar Gaddafi a Terrorist?
Few can answer this question fairly, but if anyone can, it’s a Libyan citizen who has lived under his reign? Whatever the case, it seems rather apparent that he did some positive things for his country despite the infamous notoriety surrounding his name. And that’s something you should try to remember when judging in future.
This quirky video documentary spells out an interesting, if rather different, story from the one we think we know.